Behind every therapeutic system there are sets of assumptions and parameters from which therapists devise direction, treatment goals, and interpretation in the therapeutic process. The existing schools of therapy are classified according to differences in their fundamental assumptions, from which our major paradigms can be stated:
(1) In the Reductionist paradigm all psychological phenomena are understood in terms of elemental factors, such as chemical, biological and physiological events. Within this paradigm consciousness is not the primary focus and is treated as an epiphenomenon. Modern allopathic medicine, psychiatry, behaviorism, and psychoanalysis are based on this paradigm.
(2) The Humanistic paradigm is one which emphasizes and values the human experience without reducing it to components or regarding it … Read the rest